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Composting
Composting

Fraser Valley Regional District Compost Demonstration Garden
Backyard Composting
Worm Composting

District of Mission Food Waste Collection Program: Rot Pots

Fraser Valley Regional District Compost Demonstration Garden:

Built in partnership with the Fraser Valley Regional District, the Compost Demonstration Garden is located next to the Recycling Education Centre on Valley Road in Abbotsford.

The garden is open to the public during regular hours of operation Sunday to Saturday 8:00am-5:00pm.

Information about composting, water wise gardening and grass cycling is available at the garden. The compost garden contains beds demonstrating different types of gardening. There are no use of pesticides or herbicides and all gardening is done organically. The containers and structures in the garden are made from either reused or recycled materials.

There are 6 operational composters located in the garden. There are also several display bins from different manufacturers. Many of the beds contain edibles including herbs, berries and vegetables.

Many of the events that take place at the Abbotsford Community Services Recycling Program are held in the compost garden. It has been the site for composting classes and the Education Program’s activities which include summer camps and reuse craft classes.

Backyard Composting:

What is Composting?

The breaking down of organic material.

Equipment Required:

  • Compost Bin or Pile
  • Needs to be rodent resistant.
  • Needs to have drainage and air flow.
  • Optimum size is 3 feet by 3 feet by 3 feet.

  • Aeration Tool

  • A tool to mix the material in your compost pile.
  • You can purchase an actual ‘aeration’ tool however, a shovel, pitchfork or broom handle would also work to turn over and poke holes in the compost pile.

  • Medium Sized Container

  • Used to collect food waste.

The Compost Recipe:

There are four ingredients necessary to make compost:

  1. Air – the bacteria and worms that live in your compost pile need air to survive. TIP – Aerate your compost pile weekly by poking holes or mixing the materials in the pile.

  2. Moisture – microorganisms need water to live. TIP – Keep the pile as wet as a wrung out sponge.

  3. Green Material – organic material that is high in nitrogen.

  4. Brown Material – organic material that is high in carbon. TIP – The microorganisms in your compost pile need a mix of carbon and nitrogen to survive.

Green Materials:

  • Coffee Grounds and Tea Bags
  • Egg Shells
  • Flowers
  • Fresh Grass Clippings
  • Fruits and Veggies
  • Juicer Pulp

Brown Materials:

  • Corn Stalks and Cobs
  • Dry Grass Clippings
  • Straw or Hay
  • Wood Chips
  • Shredded Newsprint & Cardboard

Materials to Avoid:

  • Barbeque Ashes/Coal
  • Dairy Products
  • Dishwater
  • Grease, Fats, Oils
  • Weeds with Seeds
  • Meat, Fish, Bones
  • Grains or Baked Goods
  • Materials treated with Herbicide or Pesticide

Basic Composting Method:

  • Place ‘brown’ material at the bottom of compost bin.
  • Add ‘green’ material.
  • Cover with ‘brown’ material.
  • Keep adding layers of ‘brown’ material on top of ‘green’ material.
  • Bottom layers will be finished compost in 6 to 12 months.

Composting Information from the FVRD Composting Brochure and City Farmer.

For more backyard composting information, visit the FVRD Compost Demonstration Garden at the Abbotsford Mission Recycling Program in Abbotsford.

Worm Composting:

What is Worm Composting?

Worm composting is a natural method for recycling food waste. Worms and microorganisms eat the organic material and bedding producing compost. It can be done year-round, indoors and outdoors, by apartment dwellers and households. Compost is good soil conditioner for houseplants, gardens and lawns.

Equipment Required:

  • A container
  • Should be approximately 50 litres and can be made from wood or plastic.
  • Needs to have holes for aeration and drainage.

  • Worms

  • You will need approximately 500-1000 red wiggler worms.
  • Red wiggler worms can eat half of their body weight in food each day ( for every kilogram per day of food waste, you will need two kilograms of worms).

  • Bedding

  • Suitable bedding includes shredded paper, newspaper, cardboard, fall leaves, saw dust, dried grass clippings and compost.
  • Fill the bin with bedding as damp as a wrung out sponge.

  • Food Waste

  • Worms eat fruits and vegetable peels, egg shells, tea bags and coffee grounds.
  • Bury food waste underneath bedding.

Worm Composting information from City Farmer and the Metro Vancouver Composting Brochure.